English-Saiwosh Dictionary


Words which have been borrowed into Saiwosh after the Chinook Jargon period are usually indicated like this : "F" after a Saiwosh word means that a it is of French origin; "E" that it is English, "K" that it is Klallam, "T" that it is Tlingit, and "Th" that it belongs to the Thomson language.
When several Saiwosh words are given in one entry, the first one is the standard one: kalitan (arrow) is more frequent than kalaitan.
The origin of the words which Saiwosh and Chinook Jargon have in common is not indicated.

Letter A

a/an ixt (usually omitted)
ability akapam (F)
able; to be able kapam (F)
about sxiyankopa
above saxlikopa
abroad kopaxli; kopa xlowima ili
absence awekyakwa
absent (adj) wekyakwa
absolve munksto
abstraction 'a (used either as a prefix or suffix)
accept (v) mu'aha
acceptable mankapam'iskam
accident pshakchi'au
acid lasit (F)
accordance ixtxachnin
according to kopa xachnin mitlait
account amukwanan
accusation awo'asamlo
accuse uwo'asamlo
accustomed to ukayax
ache (v) upshak
acorns kanawe
across inatai
action amunk
admiration ayihusham
admirative ayihusham
admire yihusham (Th)
adult kulchak (K)
afraid kwas
after, afterwards kimta
again wext
agent man
air such (K)
aircraft / airplane kusaship
airport kusashiptu
alas ana
alcohol lam
alien, uncouth xlamnax
alike kakwa
all konawe
all sides, all around iya (K)
almost wiksaya
alms ilahan
alone apichut (Th)
alphabet lalpape (F)
also wext
although ketsi; keschi; kexchi
altogether konawe'asam
always kwanisam
American (US) postan
amphibian shwakak
amuse (v) muhihi
amusement hihi; hi-
analysis lanalis
anarchy halotayili
ancient (adj) hayukol
and pi
anger, angry soleks
animal, creature mawich
another xlowima
answer (n) amoksti
answer (v) umoksti
anxiety / anxious tlipkwas
any konawe (in a negative sentence: ixt)
anyhow konawe metot
anyone konaweman (in a negative sentence: ixt man)
anything konawe ikta (in a negative sentence: ikta)
anyway konawe metot
anywhere konawe ka
apart sayasxiyan
ape-man saskwach
apple lipom
apron kesu; kisu
arachnid spaita
area tu; ka; ili
around iya
arrival ako
arrive at ko
arrow kalitan; kalaitan
art achisht (K)
as kakwa
as if kakwa spos
ashamed shem
ask (v) uhanicht; uchitan
at kopa; mitlait
atmosphere skwachikusa
atom latom
aunt kwalx
awl shuskipwot
axe la'ash

Letter B

baby pepe
bad pshak (evil: masachi)
bag lisak
ball lipal
balloon kusalipal
bamboo pamustik, pamu
banana panana
band (music) tintinmatlaks
bank (money) tolahit
banknote pepatola
bar, rod, rail lapesh
bargain makuk, huyi
bark stikskin
barley tilosh ("de l'orge")
barrel tamolich
base, node, station steshan (E)
basket opkwan (also: a tin kettle)
bath achak
bathe uchak
be (something or someone) ti (T)
be (here, exist) yakwa
beads kamosak
bear (n) chetwut; itswut;
bear (bear a child) ukwatin
beard lapap
beat (v) kokshat
beauty/beautiful tokti
beaver ina
because kewa
become (v) chako
bed pet
beer piya
before ilipkopa
behind kimta
bell tin; tintin
belly kwatin
below kikwili
belt lasanchel
berries olili, olali
beside usxiyan (K)
best iliptlosh
bicolor moxtlakuku
birch tkik; tkopstik
bird kala; kalakala
birth ne'at (K)
biscuit lipiskwi
bitter tlil
black, blackness tlel
blackberries tlikamaks
blade tlikop
blanket pasisi
bleed mupilpil; mushi
blind tla'ich (K); halosiyaxost; halonanich
blond kokawakyakso
blood pilpil
blow out munkpo
blue spo'o
blunder (v) tsipi
board laplash
boat kanim; pot
bob-tailed; a bob-tailed horse siskiyu
body of water tsayal (K) lak (F) lek (E)
body part (internal) ke(K)
body part (external) lima
boil (v) lip; liplip
bomb pom
bone stsum (K)
book puk
borrow (v) ayawal (K)
bosom (female) tutush
both kanamokst
bottle laputai
bovine, cow, bull mus; musmus
bow (n) optlikex
bowl uskan
box lakaset
boy tenasman
bracelet tlikwali
brave skukman
bread tsapelil; lipan
break (v) kokshat
breasts tutush
breech clout oputsil
brick chak'ilahiston
bridle laplit
bright tuwax
bring (v) niwa
broad (adj) tlakalx
broom plum
brother (elder than the speaker) kapho
brother (age irrelevant) au
brother-in-law eke
brown kwachais(K)
bucket tamolich
bucket (wooden) xwatl (T)
buffalo musmus
build (v) munk
building, edifice hit
bullet lipal
bundle kau
business limakuk
busy hayuchai
but tawau (K)
butter tutushlatles
buttock shxulikwan (K)
buttons seltsil
buy (v) makuk
by usxiyan (K)
by-and-by winapi

Letter C

camel kamel
can (be able to) stle
candle lashantel
cane lakan
cannon kanon
car wehachik
carbon, C kapon
card lakat
carrot lakalat
carry (v) lolo
cart tsik, tsiktsik, chikchik
cascade tumwota
castrate (v) mashton
cat pus, puspus
cataract tumwota
cattle musmus
cause lakos (F)
ceasefire musketpayakopet
celebrate mupotlasan
celebration, rejoicing potlatsan ("day of potlach")
cemetery mimlustu
cent sent
centimetre satimet (F)
certainly nawitka
chain lashen; chikaminlop
chair lashes
change, transformation xix (T)
cheat (v) lala
cheek kapala
chicken lapul
chief tayi
child tenas; tenasman
childhood tenasmanlali
children tenastilxam
China, Chinese Kotsak'ili ("Middle country", a literal translation of "Zhongguo")
Chinese person Kotsak'iliman ( replaces Chinook Jargon "Chinaman", which was considered offensive)
chocolate choklat
choice mist (K)
choose umist
circle kwiyo
circular kwiyonax
city an; taun
claim, assertion kwai (K)
clams lakachi; lakwichi
clams (the large kind) smetoks
class, kind, type kain (E)
clay chak'ilahi
clear up (v) chatotla
clergy lipletmatlaks
clergyman saxyiman
close (adj) wiksaya
cloth, fabric sel
cloud kusasmok
club matlaks
coat kapo
coffee kopi
coin chito; chikanimtola
cold kol; chis
color lakulu
comb kom
comb (v) ukom
come (v) chako
comedy kometi
command, instruction sat (K)
communicate uhanicht
communication hanicht (K)
companion, associate sixs
compare uxichnax
comparison xichnax (K)
compete upakul (K)
competition pakul (K)
competitor pakulman (K)
computer saipamashin
condition, state, status ayakwa
cone kon
confess (v) yayem
confidence; confident (adj) skumxach; skukumxachnin
to be confident uskumxach
confuse (v) munkxix
conjuring tamanowas; tamanas
connect, join ukpat (K)
connection, joint kpat (K)
contain (v) utamolich
container tamolich
contents amitlait
continent skwachiskus
control (n) tolo
control (v) utolo
cook (v) munkpaya
copper pilchikamin
copulation mamuk
copy, a duplicate naxsayi
cord tenaslop
corn, maize isaltx, yisaltx
corral kalax, kalaxan
correct tilet
cotton kotansel
cotton goods sel
cough hox; hohox
count (v) ukwanan
country ili
couple limokst
courage skukumtom
cover sami (K)
coyote talapas
crab apple pawich
cranberry solimi
crazy pelten
cream-colored liklem
create munk
creation amunk
crooked kaiwa
cross (n) lakluwa
crow kaka
cry (v) tlai
cup uskan
curl ahanilki
curly hanilki
curve chulwilts (K)
cut, cutting tlikop
cyberspace saipa

Letter D

daily (adj) konawesan
daily newspaper sanpuk
dance (n) atans
dance (v) tans
dark, darkness polatli
daughter okasti
day san
dead, death mimlus; memalust; taya (Taya is the Chinook spirit of death)
deaf askwi'an (K); ikpuyikwilan
dear hayasmakuk
debt tolatet ("dollar-debt")
debtor (v) tolatetman
decay (n); rotten (adj) tsakwan (K)
decay (v) chakotsakwan (K)
decide uxachninwo (K)
decision axachninwo (K)
deep (adj); depth tlip
deer, cervid hupt (K); mawich
deficit, insufficiency pshanyu; pshak tenas hayu
demon tsayatko; skukum
dense (adj); dense something siki ("heavy")(K)
desert hamli; haloman'ili
desirability amanstle
desirable manstle
desire, wish, want stle (K)
devil liyom; tiyop; yop; lichop
diagonal, incline nenasan ("tilted") (K)
dictionary hayuwopuk
die (v) mimlus; chakomlus
difference, different xlowima
difficult kalnax
difficult task; difficulty kal
dig (v) munkila
digit litu
dime mit
dine (v) umak kimtasan
dinner kimtasanmak
direct tilet
direction chiyatst (K)
dirty spunax
dirt, ground ilahi
disparagement, pejoration amupshak
do (v) munk
doctor toktin
dog, canine kamuks
dollar, money tola
dominance liskukum
door lapot
down stream maimi
drink (v) kwukwa (K)
drive (v) kish; kishkish
drunk patlam
dry tilai
duck (Mallard) kwe; kwekwe; hat; hat-hat
dust polali

Letter E

eagle chachak; chakchak
ear kwolan
early tenasan
earn (v) tolo
earth ilahi (matter), skwachi (world), ili (land)
east otlaxketop
eating mak; makmak
edge ech (E)
egg lisap; lisep
eight stotkin
electricity pawa ("power")
elk mulak
end (n) akopet
end (v) ukopet
e-mail saipawo
enemy weksixsman
send an e-mail usaipawo
receive an e-mail iskam saipawo
emotion, feelings tom; tomtom
enclosure kalax; kalaxan
ending, conclusion, completion kopet
English kinchoch
Englishman kinchochman
enough tlum (K)
entrails kayax
evening tenaspolatli
event, occurrence, happening chi'au (K) ("passing-by")
every konawe
evil, bad masachi
evil spirit; accursed skukum
excess pshakyu; pshak hayu
exchange, trade huyi; huyihuyi
excrete (v) munkspu
expensive; expensive object tola'a; hayutola'a
eye kayan (K)
eyes siyaxost
one eye ixt siyaxost; ixt kayan

Letter F

face sats (K), siyaxost
faded tenaspo'o; spo'o
fall (v) chakowim
fallen wim; xwim
falsehood tliminawit; tlim
family tilxam
far; far object saya
fast (quick) hayak
fast (tight) kwatl
fasten (v) kau
fastener kawa
fat tlis
father ish; papa
fathom itlan
favorableness shitan (K)
fear kwas
feather laplim (F)
feces, excrement spu (K)
fell (as a tree) munkwim
female tluchman; shawat (T)
fence kalax; kalaxan
fetch (v) munkchako
fever womsik
few tenyu; tenas hayu
field tenili; tenas ili
fight, combat, conflict munksoleks
fight (with fists) munkpak, munk pakpak
figured (as calico) tsam
file (in computer) pail (E)
file (tool) lalim
fill (v) munkpatl
find (v) tlap
fingers litu
fire paya; olapitski
first ilip; elip
fish pish
fish-hook ikik
five kwinam
flag, banner saxlisel
flea sopen; inapu; chotap
flesh itlwili
flint kilitsat
flour sapolil
flower, bloom, blossom laplu (F)
fly (v) kawak
fog smok
food preparation kuk (E)
food mak; makmak
fool, foolish pelten
foot lipi
for kopa
forever kwanisam
foreign country xlili; xlowima'ili
foreign tribe or people xlam; xlowimatilxam
foreigner xlaman
forget (v) mali
fork lapushet
form, shape sikiyus; sikiyu'is (K)
formerly ankati
four lokit
fowl lapul
fraction tenaskam; tenas sitkam
frame tunan (K; "wall")
France Pasayuks'ili
free, clear from, in sight mutla
free (v) mutla
freedom, liberty amutla
freeze kalchis
French, Frenchman pasayuks
frequent event kwanal (K)
friend sixs
frog shwakak
front ilip
fruit apal (E)
fry (v) ulapwel
frying-pan lapwel
full container patl'a
full patl
fun hi; hihi
fundament oputs
furniture hita (T)
future alki

Letter G

gallop (v) kwalal; kwalalkwalal
garlic kalik (E)
garment mansel (man+sel)
gas likas (F)
gather (v) hokumelx
get out mash
get up ketop
get (v) iskam
ghost tlichachi
gift potlach; kaltas potlach
give (v) upotlach
glad kwan
glass liklas (F)
go (v) tlatwa
god, deity, divinity saxlitayi; saxyi
gold pilchikamin
good tlosh; tlos
good-bye tlahauya
goods ikta
goose wuyi; wuyiwuyi; kalakalama
gorilla tlelsaskwach
government iltatlaks; ilitayimatlaks
grains, cereal yisaltx
gramme tlam (F)
grandfather chop
grandmother chich
grass tapso
Great Britain Kinchoch'ili
grease lakles; tlis
green pchax
greet (v) munktlahauya
greeted by.... chakotlahauya kopa...
greetings tlahauya'a
grey; a grey horse likle
grizzly bear sayam
ground ilahi
group matlaks
guitar lakita (F)
gun; musket sakwalal

Letter H

hairyakso
halfsitkam
hammerlimato
hand (game of)itlokam
hand lima
handkerchiefhakachan
happinessasmak (K)
hard kal
hare kwicheti
harrow (v) munkomila
hat siyapo; siyapalt
haul hol
hazel-nuts takwila
he, him, his ya / yaka
head latet
health lasante (F)
hear (v) ukwolan
heart yanawas; tomtom
heaven kusa
heavy; heavy object til
hello! tlahauya!
help (n) ilan
help (v) munk'ilan
here yakwa
hermaphrodite patash
hide (v), hidden ipsut
high object saxli
hit (v) kwalx
hoe lapyosh
hog kosho
holdtlikwit (K)
hole, orifice tlawap; tlxwap
holiday santi
horizontal asyak (K)
horn lakon (F)
horse kayush; kayuwatan
hot hayuwom
hour awa (E); awalali
house hit; haus
how are you tlahauya
how many kansi; kanchak
how kata
human, human being man
hundred takam; takamonak
hungry olo
hurry haux; hayak

Letter I

I, me na / naika
if spos
in kopa; ukayax (K) ; mitlait
in shore matwili
increase chakohayas; chas
injury, damage, harm apshak
ink tsamchak
insect chotap
inside ukayax (K)
intensity, emphasis iyam (K)
interval tla'awal (K)
into kopa
ironchikamin; tlelchikamin
isn't it sowikna
it ya/yaka, a
item, membertlak (from "tlaksta")

Letter J

jealous siktom; siktomtom
join ukpat (K)
journey, trip, traveling shatan (K)
jump (v) sopina

Letter K

kamass root lakamas
kettle ketlin
kick (v) chakin
kilogramme kilo (F)
kilometre kilomet (F)
kinghayastayi
kingdomhastali; hayastayi'ili
kiss (n) pep
kiss (v) upep
knife opitsa
knock (v) koko
knotty hanilki
know (v), knowledge kamtaks

Letter L

lake lak (F); lek (E)
lame tluktiyawit
lamp lalamp (F)
lamprey eel skwakwal
language lalan
large hayas; hayash
late; tardy nakwayit (K)
lately chi
laugh (v) muhihi
laughter hihi
law lo (E)
lazy lesi
leader tayi
leaf tapso; tipso
lean (v) lax
leap (v) sopina
learning chamtaks; chakokamtaks
leave off (v) kopet
leave (vi) mash
leave (vt) tlatwa saya
left skayiks (K)
leg tiyawit
leggings mitas
lend (v) ayawal
less kimtayu; kimta hayu
lick (v) tlakwan
lie (v) tliminaxwit
light (n) san'a
lightning kusapaya
limb tiyawit
line xata (T)
lips lalin (F)
liquid chaka
listen tolokwolan
litre lit (F)
little tenas
location, position tu ; ka (often used as suffixes)
long ago ankati
long; long event hasli; hayaslali
long; long object yutlikat
look for (v) tlatwatlap
look here! ona (vocative particle "o" + archaic vocative particle "na")
look out! tloshnanich!
look (v) nanich
looking-glass shilokam
loose sto
lose the way (v) toslo; tsipi wehat
loud; loudness haswo; hayaswo
louse inapi
love tiki

Letter M

machine mashin
magazine kwanalpuk
magic tamanas
mail tlatwapepa
make (v) munk
male chakup
mammal tutushmawich
man man (human being) chakup (human male)
many hayu; nan (K)
maple tsatlalp
mark lamak (F)
market makuka
marriage, matrimony, wedlock malye
marry (v) munkmalye
mass (ceremony of) lales
mast shipstik
mat tliskwis
matter, material, substance matye (F)
mattock lapyosh
meaning yuyi (K)
measure, measurement tanim
meat itwili
medicine lamestin
mend (v) munktipshin
menstruate (v) mashpilpil
metal, metallic chikamin
metre met (F)
middle, center katsak; kotsak
midnight sitkampolatli
military musketman
milk tutush
mill mula
mind xachnin (K) tomtom
miss (v) tsipi
moccasins skinshus
molasses melas
money tola; chikamin
monolith henwas
month mun
monthly (adj) konawemun
monthly magazine munpuk
Moon ilchi
more wext; wext hayu
mosquito melakwa
mother tla (T); mama
motor, engine mota (E)
mountain, mount lamotai; sha (T)
mouse hul; hulhul
mouth, oral cavity lapus
movement tlatwa
Mr. tayi
Mrs., Ms., Miss manam (F)
much hayu; nan (K)
mule limel
multiplication chakyu; chakohayu
music musik
musical instrument musiktin; tintin
musket musket
mussels tolaks
my, mine na

Letter N

nails liklu
naked halosel
name nem; yahal
nation (country, state) ili
nation (people) ilitilxam
nature taku (T) Literally: year
near weksaya
neck liku
need (n) astle
need (v) ustle
needle kipwot
negation wek; halo
nest, house, lair, den hit (T)
net net (E)
new chi'a
newspaper sanpuk
night polatli
nine kwaist; kwist
no, not wek
noble si'am (K)
noise latla
none halo
nonsense kaltaswo; kaltaswowo
noon sitkamsan
north xun (T)
nose, olfactory organ imits; nos
notwithstanding keschi; ketsi; kexchi
noun nemwo
now alta
number, numeral kwanan
Numerals :
1:ixt 1st: ilip
2:mokst 2nd: moksti
3:tlon 3rd: tloni
4:lokit 4th: lokiti; lakiti
5:kwinam 5th: kwinami
6:taxam 6th: taxami
7:sinam 7th: sinami
8:stotkin 8th: stotkini
9:kwaist 9th: kwaisti
10:tatlam; tatlilam 10th: tatlami; tatlilami
11:tatlam ixt. 11th: tatlam ilip
20:mokst tatlam 20th: mokst tatlami
100:(ixt) takamonak 100th: (ixt) takamonaki
1,000:(ixt) tatlitak 1,000th: (ixt) tatlitaki
1;000,000:(ixt) milyon 1,000,000th: (ixt) milyoni
nuts takwila

Letter O

oak kalstik
oar lalam
oats lawen
object, thing ikta
obscenity sxas (K)
observation akayan
observe (v) ukayan
observer akayanman
of (possession) mitlait
ocean, sea solchak
off saya; tlak
offer anat (K)
offshore matlini; nawits
offspring inats (K) Literally: grandchild
oh! o
oil tlis
old (adj) olman
old age hayukol
old object or person olman
old woman lamiye
on saxli kopa
one ixt
one-eyed ixtsiyaxost
only kopet
open halatl
opening, aperture halatla
opposite to inatai
or sino (F)
order (v) mashtom
oscillate (v) uchanani
oscillation chanani (K)
other xlowima; xlo
otter nimamuks
our ntsa
out doors, outside tlahani
outer space asnat (K) Literally: night
owe (v) utolatet
ox mus; musmus
oyster chetlo; tloxtlox

Letter P

paddle (n)isik
paddle (v)munkisik
paint (n) pent
paint (v)munkpent
pants, trousers nusantan (K)
paper pepa
parent iya'an (K)
part skus (K)
past ankati
peas lipwo
people group, public tilxam
per cent kopatak
performance chachit
perhaps tlonas
peripheral txunawal (K)
permanent (adj)uxanal (K)
permanent object xanal (K)
person, individual man
petrol stontlis
petticoat kalakwati
picture, image limash (F)
piebald likai
pig, hog kosho
pin kwekwiyens
pipe lapip
pitch lakom
plane kusaship
plant kutsan (K; "root")
plant organ kutsanke
plate lasiyet
play, diversion kaxkin (K)
pleased yutl
plough (n) lishalu
plough (v) tlax'ilahi
pocket poket (K)
pole lapesh
politics politik
pome, fleshy fruit apal
poor tlahauyam; halo'ikta
pork kosho
position mitlait
possession tuwan
posteriors oputs
potato wapatu
pour (v) wax
powder polali
prairie wolf talapas
pray (v) usaxli
prayer saxliwo
precipitation, rain kusachak
present, now alta
presently alki; winapi
pressing, pressure chikit (K)
pretty tokti
priest liplet
protect (v) ushilt
protection shilt (E)
proud yutl; kwetl
provided that spos
provision, supply sawan (K)
public good, common good pipal (E)
pull hol

Letter Q

quarter (of a dollar) kwota; kwata
quarter, fourth part lokiti tenaskam
question, query chitan (K)
quick hayak
quills tipe

Letter R

rabbit kwicheti
radio letiyo (E)
rain kusachak; snas
it is raining snas yakwa
rattle shax
rattlesnake shax'oputs
razor fish ona
reach ko
read (v) ukayan
reading (n) akayan
reader akayanman
readiness tsitlan (K)
reason, explanation chixchinin (K)
reciprocal(ly) kwananat
reciprocity akwananat (K)
red pil
relate (v) yayem
remainder, remnant kayan (K)
removal, subtraction tlaxut (K)
repetition awext
repetitive wextnax
reptile, reptilian olk
reserve (n) chixwas (K)
respect (v) wekmupshak
respect (n) awekmupshak
responsibility, liability chanat (K)
return (v) kelapai
ribbon lilopa
rice lais
rice paddy laistu
rifle kalipin
ring kwiyo; kwiyokwiyo
ripe tloshkwai (K)
risk saisi (K)
river liwa; chak
road, route wehat
roan colored santili
roast munklapela
rock, stone ston
rodent, gnawer, gnawing animal hul; hulhul
room, chamber lasham (F)
rope lop
rotten puli
rough; rough object xits (K)
round (adj) lipalnax
royal hastayinax
rudder pot'oputs
rule, regulation lo
rum lam
run (v) kuli
run; running (n) akuli

Letter S

sack lisak
sad; sadness (v) tlelxachnin
to become sad chakotlelxachnin
saddle housings lipishimo
saddle lasel
safety, security hiyinax (K)
sail sel
sailor shipman
sale makuk
salmon kwanat; saman
salt solt
same things, identical things akakwa
sand polali
sash lasanchel
satisfaction asmak
saw (n) lakwin; lasi
say (v) uwo; wowo; ukwaya
scale leshel (F)
scatter (v) munktlayakut
science sayans (E)
scissors lisiso
sea solchak
seal (animal) olhayu; saiwoshkosho
search tliyan (K)
season seso (F)
secret haltaks; halomankamtaks
see (v) nanich
self swaika (K)
sell (v) makuktola to sell something: makuktola ikta
send (v) mutlatwa
sender (n) amutlatwaman
sense (n) sens (E)
separation tlayakut (K)
series, sequence swit (F)
set (n) set (E)
seven sinam; sinamokst
sexual intercourse amamuk
have sex (v) mamuk
sew (v) munktipshin
shake (v) toto; halel
shallow wektlip
shame (n) shem
sharp; sharp object yakisitl
sharpen (v) munktsish
she, her ya / yaka
sheep limuto
shell kup; kupkup
shell money (the small size) kup; kupkup
shell money (the large size) haikwa
shield shilt (E)
shingle lipato
shining towax
ship ship
shirt shat
shoes shus
shoot (v) munkpu
short yutskat
shot pouch kalitanlisak; tsolpat
shot shot; tenaslipal
shout (v) hayaswo; hayaswowo
shovel lapel
shrub lap (l'arbre)
shut (v) ikpuyi
sibling snichiwal (K)
sick sik
side, flank, lateral area sxiyan (K)
sift (v) toto
sight, vision nanich
silk laswe
silver tkopchikamin
similar kakwa
since kimta
sing (v) shanti
elder sister kapho
sister (age irrelevant) ats
sit (v) amat (K)
site (n) tu (T)
six taxam
skin skin
skunk hamoputs;payupayu; skapiyu
sky kusa; kusax
slave ilait; mischimas; ilaitix
sleep (v) musam
slow; slowly tlawa
small tenas
smell (n) ham
smell (v), to be smelly uham
smell (something) (v) unos
smoke smok
snake olk; olak
snow kolsnas; sno
so that ulasip
soap sop; woshtlis
soft; soft object tlimin
someone man
something above kasha (T) Literally, "human head"
son yit (T)
soon tenastla'awal; testlawal
sorrel colored, a sorrel horse liplo
sorry siktom; siktomtom
sound (n) tin
soup (n) lasup
sour kwets
source, origin tiput (F)
south sanaxet (T)
spade lapel
speak (v) uwo; wowo
spear, lance lans (F)
spectacles tolasiyaxost; lokitsiyaxost
sphere lipal
spill (v) wax
spirits lam
spit (v) munkto
split (vi) chakotsax
split (vt) munktsax
split (v) tsax
spoon spun
spotted, with spots likai; tsam
spurs lisiplo
square kwali (F)
squirrel skwis; skwiskwis
stab (v) tlemahan
stand (v) mitxwit; hen (T)
star kusatsil
state (v) ukwaya (K)
statement; sentence kwaya (K)
stay (v) mitlait
steal (v) kapsuwala
steam smok
steamer payaship
step step (E)
stick (n) stik
stink payu; payupayu; ham
stirrup sitle
stockings stoken; kashis
stone ston; was
stop (v) kopet
store (n) makukhaus
storm (n) solekskusa
story, tale ekanam
straight tilet; tsaipa
strawberries amot
strength askukum
string, thread lop
stripe stlaip (E)
strong skukum
sturgeon stachan
stylus pen (E)
subject xal (K)
substitute xayas (K)
suddenness, abruptness xwitan (K)
sugar shuka; lisuk; shukwa
summer womili
sun otlax
sunday otlaxsan; santi
sunset tlipsan
superlative (adj) hayas; hayash
suppose spos
surface skin
swan kalok
sweep (v) munkplum
sweet (adj) tsi
swim (v) sicham
system sistem

Letter T

table latap
tail oputswit; oputstiyawit
take (v) iskam
take care! tloshnanich!
take off, or out munktlak; mash
tale, story yayem; ekanam
talk (v) uwo; wowo; ukwaya
tame kwal (Nisqually)
target lasip (F)
task, work, chore, job, assignment chai
taut kwatl
tea ti
teach (v) munkamtaks
tear (v) tlax
teeth lita
tell (v) uwo; wowo; ukwaya
ten tatlam; tatlilom
tendency, propensity atiki
testicles chakupston
thank (v) uwomasi
thank you, thanks masi
that way yawa
that ok / okok
then if pas
there yawa; kopa
they tlaska
thick (as molasses) pitlilx
thin (as a board) pchi; piwoti
thing ikta
think (v) uxachnin (K)
this way yakwa
this ok / okok
thou, thy, thine oma / omaika
thousand tatlitak
thread, filament tlapait
three tlon
throat, pharynx xwunan (K)
throw (in wrestling) munkwim
throw away mash
thunder matsu
thunderbird (giant mythic bird) tsuna
thus kakwa okok
tide
falling tide: kalipichak
rising tide: chakchako
high tide: saxlichak
low tide: kikwilichak
tie (v) kau
tiger taika (E)
tight kwatl
time kwanal (K) - as in "several times"
time lali
tinware mala
tiny object/event tlutla (K)
tip, touch lightly (v) lax
tired til
to, towards kopa
tobacco kainutl; kainus
today altasan
tomato tomato, latomat
tomorrow tmola, tumola
tongue lalan
totem spirit tamanowas
too kakwa
too few, too little masatenyu; masachi tenas hayu
too many; to much masachi hayu
tool, utensil, implement tul (E)
tooth ixt lita
top saxli'a
total, sum, aggregate konawe
touch (v) ulitu
tower hayas'hit
town taun; an (T)
trade (v) makuk
trade (n) amakuk
trail wehat
trap (n) lapyesh
tread (v) ulipi
tree stik; henstik
tree (fallen) wimstik
trot (v) tete
trousers sakoleks
true tilet
truth tiletwo; tiletwowo
tub tamolich
tube lityup (E)
tuber wapatu
turtle itlakwa
twine tenaslop; tlapait
two mokst

Letter U

unable xaukatl
uncle tot
under kikwili
understand xachit (K)
unhappy siktom; siktomtom
untamed limolo
untie (v) munksto; mashkau
up saxli
up from saxli kopa
upon kopa latet
upset kelipi
us ntsa / ntsaika
use (v) u (T)
usage a'u (T)

Letter V

vegetable pchaxmak
vehicle chik; chikchik
venereal disease payasik
venison makmawich; mawich
verb liwep (F " le verbe ")
vertical hen (T)
very hayu; hayas
vessel kanim; ship; pot
vest lawest
violence tikipak
violenthayupak
vomit (n) wax
vomit (v) munkwax

Letter W

wagon wehachik
walk (v) ulipi
wall tunan (K)
wander (v) tsolo
want (v) stle (K); tiki
warm wom
wash (v) munkwosh
watch (n) tik; tiktik
watch (v) uxlem (K)
watcher xlem (K)
water chak
waterfall tumwota
way metot (F)
we ntsa / ntsaika
weapon wepan (E)
weather kusa
week asinamsan
weekly (adj) konawe'asinam
weekly magazine asinamsanpuk
weigh (v) munktil
west otlaxtlip
wet patlichak
whale ekoli; kwanais; kwanis
what ikta
whatchamacallit nachuyas (K)
wheat sapolil
wheel chik; tsiktsik; chikchik
when kansi; kanchak
where ka
whip liwet
white tkop
white person shama
white person (pejorative) shame, shamu
who tlaksta
whole lolo
why kata; pas ikta
wicked masachi
wide object tlikalx
wild limolo
will (n) stle; stle'a; tomtom
willow inastik
win (v) tolo
wind win; wint
winter kolili
wipe (v) tlakwan
wire (n) chikaminlop
wish (v) tananat (K); tiki
with asam; kopa
without halo
wolf xuch (T) lilu
woman (old) lamiye
woman tluchman; tlutsman
wood, wooden stik
word wo
work (n) achai
work (v) chai
worker achaiman
worker, seller, professional xuyam (K)
World Wide Web tlonwa (the three w's)
world skwachi
worn out astsaxl (K); olman
worthiness ai
worthless kaltas
would be koyi
wound (v) tlemahan
write (v) munktsam; munkpepa
writing tsam

Letter Y

yard (unit of length) postanmet
yard (by a house) hitsxiyan
year ixtkol
yearly konawekol
one year ixt kol
two years mokst kol
several years nan kol
many years hayu ixtkol
yellow kokawak
yes aha
yes indeed nawitka
yesterday talki; talkisan
yet alta; tlosh'alta
you, your, yours (plural) omsa / omsaika
young (adj) shawi (K) yis (T)
young person yis (T)
youth ayis

Letter Z

zero halo


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